Alström syndrome


Alström syndrome (Al-Strom) is a rare genetic condition that affects multiple organs in the body, including the kidneys, brain, heart, pancreas and liver.1

What causes Alström syndrome?

Alström syndrome is caused by changes to a gene in the body known as the ALMS1 gene. Alström syndrome is a recessively inherited genetic condition, meaning both parents need to have this change for their child to be affected.1

What are the signs of Alström syndrome?1

  • The main signs of Alström syndrome include:
  • Retinal degeneration (inherited progressive eye disease)
  • Nystagmus (wobbly eyes)
  • Photophobia (sensitivity to light)
  • Sensorineural hearing loss (disorders of the ear)
  • Obesity

What can you do?

If you think you have spotted one or more of these signs in yourself, or your child, download and complete our discussion guide to help prepare for an appointment with your doctor or nurse.


  • 1

    Marshall JD, et al. Current Genomics. 2011; 12: 225-235